1. Policy Statement
Vision Training (North East) recognises that the current threat from Terrorism and Extremism in the United Kingdom is real and severe and can involve the exploitation of vulnerable people.
As we have a duty to safeguard our employees and learners we have designed this policy to provide a clear framework to structure and inform our response to safeguarding concerns for those people who may be vulnerable to the messages of extremism.
In addition, it provides details of the local inter agency process and expectations in identifying appropriate interventions based on the threshold of need and intervention model and the Channel process.
4. Roles and Responsibilities
Vision Training (North East) is responsible for ensuring that all employees are aware of Prevent and Channel and understand how to report any concerns they have to the Safeguarding Officer
Manager’s Responsibility The Managing Director is responsible for ensuring that a copy of this document is available to all employees and that the policy and procedures are reviewed annually.
The Operations Director and Team Leaders are responsible for ensuring the adherence of this policy by all employees and that all employees take part in the Prevent and Channel training.
The Development Manager is responsible for ensuring the policy is available to learners and employers on the web site.
The Safeguarding Officer
The Safeguarding Officer is responsible for ensuring that they keep up to date with Prevent and Channel government guidance and make themselves available to any employee that have concerns about the radicalisation of a colleague or learner.
Individual’s Responsibility Individual employees are required to act in accordance with the policy, to enable early identification of radicalised colleagues or learners
5. Policy Implementation – Procedures
To enable us to Prevent and Channel as practicable we need to understand so key terms:
Radicalisation is defined as the process by which people come to support terrorism and extremism and, in some cases, to then participate in terrorist groups.
Extremism is vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs.
Extremism may also call for the death of members of our armed forces, whether in this country or overseas (HM Government Prevent Strategy, 2011).
A society in which the diversity of people’s backgrounds and circumstances is appreciated and valued; a society in which similar life opportunities are available to all; and a society in which strong and positive relationships exist and continue to be developed in the workplace, in schools, colleges and in the wider community.
Equality, Diversity and Community Cohesion
As part of our every-day training and development of our learners, assessors must aim to guide them to
- understand others
- promote common values
- value diversity
- promote awareness of human rights and uphold and defend them
- develop the skills of participation and responsible action.
- encourage working towards a society in with a common vision and sense of belonging by all.
We do this through discussion in sessions of legislation and attitudes that protects society and discussing safeguarding issues in progress reviews.
All employees are required to take part in Prevent and British Values training, to enable their understanding of the subject and their responsibilities to each other and our learners.
National Guidance and Strategies
PREVENT is a key part of the Government’s strategy to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. Early intervention is at the heart of PREVENT in diverting people away from being drawn into terrorist activity. PREVENT happens before any criminal activity takes place. It is about recognising, supporting and protecting people who might be susceptible to radicalisation. The PREVENT strategy objectives are:
- Ideology: respond to the ideological challenge of terrorism and the threat we face from those who promote it.
- Individuals: prevent people from being drawn into terrorism and ensure that they are given appropriate advice and support
- Institutions: work with sectors and institutions where there are risks of radicalisation which we need to address.
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All staff should have an awareness of the PREVENT agenda and the various forms
of radicalisation takes in being able to recognise signs and indicators or concern
and respond appropriately.
The following lists are not exhaustive and all or none may be present in individual cases of concern. Nor does it mean that vulnerable people experiencing these factors are automatically at risk of exploitation for the purposes of extremism. The accepted view is that a complex relationship between the various aspects of an individual’s identity determines their vulnerability to extremism.
There is no such thing as a ‘typical extremist’ and those involved in extremism come from a range of backgrounds and experiences. The following indicators may help to identify factors that suggest a young person or their family may be vulnerable or involved with extremism:
- Identity crisis: Distance from cultural/religious heritage and uncomfortable with their place in the society around them.
- Personal crisis: Family tensions; sense of isolation; adolescence; low self-esteem; disassociating from existing friendship group and becoming involved with a new and different group of friends; searching for answers to questions about identity, faith and belonging.
- Personal circumstances: Migration; local community tensions; events affecting country or region of origin; alienation from UK values; having a sense of grievance that is triggered by personal experience of racism or discrimination or aspects of Government policy.
- Unmet aspirations: Perceptions of injustice; feeling of failure; rejection of civic life.
- Criminality: Experiences of imprisonment; poor resettlement/reintegration, previous involvement with criminal groups.
- Access to extremist influences: Reason to believe that the young person associates with those known to be involved in extremism; Possession or distribution of extremist literature/other media material likely to incite racial/religious hatred or acts of violence
- Use of closed network groups via electronic media for the purpose of extremist activity
- Experiences, behaviours and influences: Experience of peer, social, family or faith group rejection; International events in areas of conflict and civil unrest had a personal impact on the young person resulting in a noticeable change in behaviour
- Verbal or written support of terrorist attacks
- First-hand experience of racial or religious hate crime
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Extended periods of travel to international locations known to be associated with
- Evidence of fraudulent identity/use of documents to support this
- Experience of disadvantage, discrimination or social exclusion
- History of criminal activity
- Pending a decision on their immigration/national status
- More critical risk factors include:
- Being in contact with extremist recruiters
- Articulating support for extremist causes or leaders
- Accessing extremist websites, especially those with a social networking element
- Possessing extremist literature
- Justifying the use of violence to solve societal issues
- Joining extremist organisations
- Significant changes to appearance/behaviour
Referral and Intervention Process
Any identified concerns as the result of observed behaviour or reports of conversations to suggest that the person supports terrorism and/or extremism, must be reported to the named designated safeguarding person (or in their absence a director of the company), immediately and no later than the end of the working day.
As part of the referral process, the designated safeguarding officer will also raise a referral to the police.